✅ Celtic languages in Europe: three Gaelic languages and … 1/2

✅ Celtic languages in Europe: three Gaelic languages and … 1/2

The Celtic languages which are spoken in Europe.

Celtic languages are some of the oldest languages spoken in Europe. They are a branch of the Indo-European language family.
There are six of them, which should be considered in two groups of three.
First of all, there are the Gaelic Celtic languages, which are Scots Gaelic, Irish and Manx. Manx is spoken on the Isle of Man, which sits between Ireland and Scotland.
Then we have the Brittonic Celtic languages, which are Welsh, Breton and Cornish. Cornish is spoken in Cornwall. We’ll talk about this in a future second article …

langues celtiques, celtic languages

Celtic languages ​​in Europe – Les langues celtiques en Europe

 

The Gaelic Celtic languages

Ireland’s Celtic Gaelic language (Gaeilge).

This is the only Celtic language which is the official language of a State. It’s also Ireland’s first official language, ahead of English. In addition, in Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom, Irish is officially recognised as a “regional language” by London. In fact, like many European democracies, Great Britain has signed the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Unlike the French central authority which is still refusing to do so, along with a few others like Turkey… Finally, Irish has also been an official language of the European Union since 2005.

An official Celtic language in the European Union.

Today, around 1.8 million Irish people have some knowledge of Irish. Some 70,000 people speak it on a daily basis, especially in the Gaeltacht, the west of Ireland where the people who live there reject English and favour their mother tongue.
Isn’t it surprising that a language which is spoken every day by just 70,000 is the first language of a state of 4.8 million people (a population identical to Brittany’s?).
And it’s an official European Union language?

Scots Gaelic (Gàidhlig).

This language came from Ireland then started to diverge from the Vth century onwards. The Gaelic alphabet only contains eighteen letters: a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, l, m, n, o, p, r, s, t, u. This differs from the Breton alphabet which has twenty five.
Initially, each letter corresponded to a tree: ailm for elm, coll for hazel and so on..
Today, around 60,000 Scots speak Scots Gaelic fluently.
The word whisky is Scottish, as we all know. It comes from Uisge-beatha, meaning water of life. But did you know that the word slogan is too? It comes from sluagh-ghairm
Thanks to Brexit, support for Scottish independence is growing and a second Celtic language could soon become an official European Union language.

Manx (Gaelg).

Only 2000 people speak this Celtic language on the little Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), with its 572 square kilometres and some 85000 inhabitants. This Celtic language is closer to Scots Gaelic than Irish.
Ned Maddrell, who died in 1974, was the last native speaker of Manx. Manx is recognised as a regional language by the British government and all laws published on the Isle of Man are also published in Manx.

Soon, you can also find out about the Brittonic Celtic languages.

 

✅ If you would like to help NHU Bretagne ✅
please take a look at Tipeee

 

NHU Brittany

After the French-speaking NHU Bretagne, we are now launching the English-speaking NHU Brittany.

After NHU Bretagne in French language, here is NHU Brittany in English.

 

✅ After NHU Bretagne, here is NHU Brittany

Previous ✅ Le Marquis de La Rouërie, rival de Lafayette ?
Next ✅ Cachez-nous ces magistrats bretons qui dérangaient "l'une et indivisible" ...

Á propos de l'Auteur

NHU Brittany
NHU Brittany 12 posts

NHU Brittany To explain to English speakers around the world what our Brittany is. You are perfectly bilingual French-English or English-French, join us, to write new articles and / or to translate articles already published in French on NHU Bretagne, the French version of NHU.

Lisez les autres articles de cet Auteur ...

Vous pourriez aussi aimer

✅ Nation: The Faroe Islands, the first film in a riveting series.

NHU Brittany is delighted to introduce you to a new series of videos: Nation. Faroe Islands We owe this series to Lesley RIDDOCH and Phantom Power Films. Lesley RIDDOCH is

✅ Le 17 Mars, Fête internationale de la Saint Patrick et de l’Irlande

Naomh Pàdraig ou Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick est l’évangélisateur chrétien d’une Irlande alors tournée vers nos croyances polythéistes celtiques. Il se serait servi d’un trèfle pour expliquer le concept de

✅ The .bzh domain extension for Brittany

Bzh domain extension (.bzh) is vital for visibility of Brittany on the internet. We, breton people and breton economy, needed this .bzh. In 2020 there are more than 360 millions

Commentaires

Pas encore de commentaires ?

Vous pouvez être le premier/la première à commenter ce post.

Laissez votre réponse